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What is Artificial Intelligence and What Are Its 7 Types?[edit]

The phrase “Artificial Intelligence’ conjures up a world full of unimaginable technologies. From smart robots to fully immersive entertainment, Artificial intelligence has converted our reality to a scene from a sci-fi movie. The term Artificial Intelligence, however, represents much more than just fun, games, and intelligent robots. Let’s have a look inside the world of Artificial Intelligence, what it actually is and what some of its types are.

What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence is making computers and machines think and act the way actual humans do. It includes a bunch of different human capabilities such as cognitive function, decision-making, problem-solving, etc. However, all of this is not that easy to accomplish. Artificial Intelligence is further divided into sub-categories that cater to each of these possibilities. Discussed below are seven types that Artificial Intelligence can be categorized into.

Reactive Machines We will start off with Reactive Machines, the most basic types of AI machines that react to human interactions, as the name suggests. These machines do not retain any memory and are unable to perform in any scenario where past memory is required. So, what are these machines good for if they do not store any information in their memory? Well, let us tell you. These devices rely on either individual or a combination of inputs that they process to come up with a certain response. They could be used to take on human players in conventional games like when Google’s AlphaGO defeated a professional Go player.

Limited Memory Limited Memory machines take Reactive Machines one step further. These machines are not only capable of reacting to a combination of inputs that Reactive Machines can, but they can also store a limited amount of data in their memory that can be utilized in the future for better decision-making. The most common utilization of this sort of technology can be seen in self-driven cars. A self-driven car not only needs to react to the ongoing occurrences on the road, but also needs to retain those occurrences in order to to avoid that kind of situation in the future.

Theory of Mind The Theory of Mind, if summarized, tell us about an entity’s ability to impute emotions, wants, and desires to ourselves and others. Thus, this type of AI machine is virtually capable of determining human emotions, desires, and thoughts. Let us look at it like this, if a police officer sees a person in distress, their first thought would be to go their rescue. Ideally, a robot police officer would be capable of reacting in a similar manner, thanks to the application of Theory of Mind.

Self-Awareness This next category of Artificial Intelligence may only exist hypothetically but it may not be that far away in the future. This type of machine is not only capable of what the previous technologies could achieve, but it would also have emotions, beliefs, and desires of its own, in short, it would be self-aware. There may even be a self-aware robot already in the works. Hod Lipson, the head of the Creative Machines Lab at Columbia University, is believed to be working on an actual self-aware robot right now. His team has already unveiled a robotic arm that works on this principle to some extent.

Artificial Narrow Intelligence Artificial Narrow Intelligence is a compilation of everything Artificial Intelligence has accomplished so far. Such devices are designed for a specific purpose and nothing more. Their task is to perform a routine activity autonomously as an actual human would do. Thus, they have a very narrow potential and are limited to those tasks alone. Thanks to a high-speed internet connection ( available easily at our disposal, we have already witnessesed most of them. The most common examples of such technologies can be seen in facial recognition software, manufacturing robots, and Apple’s Siri that we so dearly adore.

Artificial General Intelligence Hypothetically, Artificial General Intelligence portrays a machine that would have the ability to gather data, store it, understand it, create its own perception, and perform different functions accordingly. Such a system would be able to replace human beings in possible training scenarios where an entity needs to form a connection with the ones learning and use that connection to teach them in a more efficient manner.

Artificial Superintelligence Artificial Super Intelligence is by far the most intriguing and skeptical possibility of Artificial Intelligence. In theory, a machine capable of this power would be exponentially more powerful than other AI devices with far greater memory and faster processing capacity. However, speed and power of this extent may not be that fancy in reality – we have all seen The Terminator, right? Summing It All Up The world of Artificial Intelligence is enough to give people goosebumps at times. While some may have sort of AI has already entered into our lives, we will witness others soon.